It has long since been established that the IRS systematically targeted conservative organizations seeking the same tax-exempt statue as the Sierra Club or the SEIU . In the process of doing this foot-dragging the IRS would ask for information totally unrelated to the doings of the organization including asking for copies of the membership lists. Several of the targeted groups simply stopped their requests rather than comply, having some suspicion of the integrity of the IRS.
Turns out the suspicions were well founded.
The difference between the Chinese government and the IRS is that the Chinese at least won't make you suffer through an audit before they steal your identity, and they are not (yet) in a position to jail you for supporting the wrong candidate.
You may wonder at this point why no one has at least been arrested, or even fired. Remember the Chicago Rules; If you own the cop, you won't get arrested, if you own the judge, you won't get convicted.